Role of Value Stream Analysis in Cost Management and Improving the Competitive Advantage – An Empirical Study

Enaam Ghadeer al-Musawia, aFaculty of Administration and Economics / University of Kufa, Email: aInaamm.ghadeer@upkufa.edu.iq

Industrial companies generally seek to achieve profits by improving their competitive position and increasing their market share among other competitors. The present study aims to demonstrate the role of value chain analysis in the rationalisation of costs in industrial companies. It also aims to demonstrate the effect of applying the value chain analysis method in improving the competitive position of industrial companies and increasing these companies’ market share. The actual data in the General Company for Rubber and Tires Industries (2018) was approved as a case study to achieve the research objectives. The study concluded that the application of the value chain analysis method leads to the identification of waste deposits in the production resources and the management process towards disposal of the citizen either through the percentage of exploitation of production capacity or by excluding costs that do not add value from the point of view of the customer. This move leads in turn to the positive impact on the price policy of the company by providing a competitive advantage of the cost, reflected in the reduction of selling prices and thus achieve competitive advantage and increase the market share of the company's products. The competitive advantage of the company is a suitable source to outperform its competitors in the tire industry by producing better products at a lower cost. The results also show the company's ability to achieve its objectives of producing high-quality products at low cost to meet the needs of consumers. Pages 1 to 18




Analysis of the Role of Digital Transformation Strategies in Achieving the Edge of Financial Competition

Anmar Muzaffar Hadia, Salam Jassem Hmoodb, a,bDepartment of Financing Sciences, AL-Muthanna University, Iraq, Email: aIraqi_salam@hotmail.com

The present study aims at  analysing the relationship between digital transformation strategies and the financial competitiveness of a group of private Iraqi banks located within the middle Euphrates region. The researcher relied on the questionnaire as a tool to collect preliminary data and achieve the objectives sought by the study. A collection of (120) questionnaires were distributed to a number of managers and aides managers. Many of whom are in the position of director of the division  or the head of the department. The present study was based on the main premise that digital transformation will affect its financial competitiveness. The researcher has used many statistical methods In order, to  analyse the results of the study through arithmetic mean and standard deviation. The results showed a significant correlation between the strategies of digital transformation and the edge of financial competition. Pages 19 to 40




 Financial Policy in the Islamic Economy - Special Reference to Financial Policy Ahead of Ali Bin Abi Talib

Razak Dhiab Shoaibetha*, Jawaher Dahham Abdullahb, Badr Dahham Abdullahc, a,b,cUniversity of Muthanna / Faculty of Management and Economics, Email: a*razzaq@mu.edu.iq,  bjawaherdaham@gmail.com,  cbdrdha@gmail.com

Financial policy has been the most important challenge faced by countries because it is of great importance at the local level. Most of the world's economies have faced major problems, either because of confusion or because of the lack of public expenditure for many reasons. Most of the studies concerned with the subject of public finance went in a positive direction and did not take into account the role played by the financial policies within the Islamic economy.  It is pointed out that in the period of great prosperity that was experienced by the Islamic civilisation, Europe and the West were living in stages (2002) believes that the financial thought of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib is rooted in the economic policy that was followed by the Noble Prophet (PBUH) R) He believes that a Muslim should consider his Muslim brother, and from this point of view and as a result of the great shortcomings in the academic treatments of vision In order to achieve the most important methodological problems in terms of the subject of the research, and due to the scarcity of economic sources in this regard, we adopted a number of jurisprudential sources and the most important messages and wills recommended by Imam Ali (peace be upon him) to find out the most important economic achievements of the Islamic statethe results that took a completely different approach from the mainstream curriculum because it was based on the solid foundation, which is reliance on God, and his faith in the full recommendations by the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was the most important results that the Imam peace be upon him Economically Lassa, if it is applied in Guenta presently allow for flourished Muslim countries and became the West  can apply similar methods to reach this success. Pages 41 to 49




Development Design Augmented Reality-Based Jobsheet in CNC Programming Subjects

Febri Prasetyaa*, Bayu R. Fajrib, Fadli Ranuharjac, a,b,cFaculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar Bar., Kec. Padang Utara, Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat 25132, Indonesia, Email: a*febriprasetya@ft.unp.ac.id

Research and development of jobsheets based on augmented reality (AR) aims to support the implementation of student lectures on CNC programming subjects majoring in mechanical engineering at Universitas Negeri Padang. This research is a research & development (R & D) using the Four D development procedure with stages of define, design, develop and dissemination. The results showed that, at the Define stage, a needs analysis was carried out with the result that the development of AR-based jobsheets was appropriate as an effort and solution for the limited ability of students to learn about learning especially work drawings and machining processes on CNC machines. In the design phase, it shows that there are four contents contained in the jobsheet that is developed according to the needs of the AR jobsheet development. In the design phase, the AR jobsheet is designed by designing an application that can be installed on a smartphone. Whereas the develop phase showed that all aspects of the assessment met the validity standard, the AR jobsheet had high average practicality, and the AR jobsheet was considered effective in improving students' ability to understand work drawings and machining processes in CNC programming subject. Finally, at the dissemination stage, it is carried out through the implementation of the use of AR jobsheets in all CNC programming subject at Universitas Negeri Padang. Pages 50 to 67




ICT Implementation in Android Applications for Entrepreneurship Learning: A High School Case Study in Jakarta

Fransisca Hanita Rusgowantoa, aAccounting Department, Faculty of Economics and Communication, Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia, Email: afransisca.hanita@binus.ac.id

This study examines the effect of ICT implementation on the quality of learning among students in a high school located in Jakarta, Indonesia. Using questionnaire surveys, this study shows that effective learning has a positive impact on the quality of learning of students in using the quality of learning. This study also shows that interactive learning has a positive impact on the quality of learning among the students. In addition, this study shows that creative learning has a positive impact on the quality of learning among the students. The findings in this study highlights the benefits on entrepreneurship knowledge through an Android-based learning process as a new learning process approach to digital technology. The learning process with new technology can increase student interest in the field of entrepreneurship and increase student learning intentions as well as support a more independent and more creative learning process. This study contributes to the improvement and development of ICT-based learning systems strategies in the class so that the system becomes more efficient, active, creative, dynamic, independent, and faster at the level of secondary and vocational schools. Pages 68 to 82




Excessive Mobile Usage, Stress, and Memory among Health Sciences Students at PNU

Amani Alsalmia, Lama Abdulkarimb, Beshayer Alzahranic, Dana Abahussaind, Maram Alsaeede, Uzma Zaidif*, a,b,c,d,e,fCollege of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia, Email: f*uazaidi@pnu.edu.sa

The young population, consisting primarily of students, are found to have a strong association with their mobile phones, and find it challenging to spend a day without them. Despite their advantages, excessive phone usage has been linked with harmful consequences.  Previous findings stated that there is a relationship between the usage of mobile phones and stressed people. Moreover, adverse effects of using mobile phones and their impact on cognitive functioning has also been reported. This study aims to explore the relationship between excessive mobile phone use, perceived stress levels, and memory among female students (aged 18-26) studying in Health Sciences colleges at Princess Nourah University in Riyadh. The study recruited 340 participants, and multistage cluster sampling was used to determine the size of a representative sample. The study is carried out the within the subject design and used the standardized scales of Problematic Use of Mobile Phones (PUMP), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Digit Span subtest. The findings concluded that there is a strong positive relationship between excessive mobile phone use and perceived stress (p<0.01), but no correlation was found with memory. The results can be useful to develop an e-health promotion program for Saudi health students to enhance the better usage of mobile phones. Pages 83 to 100




Blockchain Technology: Implications for Accountants

Shafi Mohamada*, Adamu Pantamee Abdurrahmanb, Ooi Chee Keongc, a,b,cSchool of Accounting & Finance, Faculty of Business & Law, Taylors University, Malaysia, Email: a*Adamu.Abdurrahman@taylors.edu.my

The aim of the study is to assess the potential of blockchain technology as well as its acceptability. In this age of digitization where advancement in technology is reaching new heights, this study emphasizes management aspects, the structure, and execution aspect of blockchain. At the same time, this study will explore its association with Bitcoin and utilizing the technology in an extensive environment. Firstly, the technological background is discussed, followed by its algorithm and the prominent safety characteristics. The study also examines practices in different important fields which include accounting, finance, as well as in commercially viable areas where large organizations are investing heavily in blockchain technology. A combination of techniques were used in order to improve the overall accuracy of the study which includes both qualitative as well as quantitative approaches. These techniques include using existing environmental data, financial scrutiny, and text mining. Through appropriate application of the technology, it is likely to affect several parts of society Therefore it is imperative to study its utilization from numerous perspectives. The study contributes significantly to the existing literature relating to blockchain technology. The paper highlights the prospective drivers as well as shortcomings associated with blockchain technology, its utilization in the real world, and its effects on the end users, namely, managers. It also determines the rate at which blockchain technology is spreading, while at the same time explaining both how and why. Organizations are slowly and gradually getting accustomed to blockchain technology since it is currently in the innovation phase of its lifecycle, and its acceptability has also increased as currently more firms are investing in the technology. Pages 101 to 117




 Toy Safety in the ASEAN and European Union: A Comparative Approach

Rahmah Ismaila*, Wan Amir Azlan Wan Haniffb, Suzanna Mohamed Isac, Kartini Aboo Talib @ Khalidd, Rozlinda Mohamed Fadzile, Syed Sagoff Alsagofff, a,c,eFaculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, bPhD candidate, Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, dInstitute of Ethnic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, fFormer Senior Officer, ASEAN Secretariat, Email: a*irahmah@ukm.edu.my

The global issue of consumer protection, specifically toys products, has become fundamental part of a fair and effective market place involving regional and international areas. Besides the safety of food and cosmetic products that are often taken into priority, children’s toys products are also now becoming a main concern among consumers. By adopting a qualitative approach, the findings of this article show that the development of toy safety in European Union (EU) is advanced compared to Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).  There are several improvements in which ASEAN Member States can introduce to develop the existing system and areas for enhancement on the safety of toys. Therefore, this research recommends ASEAN to refer to the EU as a model in improving the toy safety standards in addition to other recommendations. By developing toy safety policies, ASEAN will enhance the protection of children as consumers. Pages 118 to 132




Mixing and Switching in Social Media: Denoting the Indonesian “Keminggris” Language

Hilda Cahyania, Umi Tursinib, Nurenzia Yannuarc, aUniversitas Negeri Malang/Leiden University, bUniversitas Kanjuruhan Malang, cPoliteknik Negeri Malang, Email: aHilda.cahyani@polinema.ac.id,  btursini_umi@unikama.ac.id,  cnurenzia.yannuar.fs@um.ac.id

This article aims to uncover the use of mixing and switching of Keminggris language (speaking and acting like British people) in social media. It reveals types of language switching that Indonesian youth have commonly used, also the features and functions of that switching. The main data was taken from written expressions (of statuses and captions) in social media, particularly from Facebook and Instagram of 15 Indonesian university students. The findings indicated that young people used more inter-sentential code-switching taking place between phrases and sentences. They tended to mix some English words/phrases in Indonesian sentences which is also called “Bahasa Gaul”, or social language, to show their status as educated people mastering the global language, and partly to impress their followers and gain some attention in the social media. This language practice, though it lacks  the intelligibility of standard language, shows the fluidity of English and Bahasa Indonesia when they are used side-by-side. Youth seem to enjoy doing it and this became an interesting field for further research. Pages 133 to 150




 The Role of Non-Financial Performance in the Relationship between Shari’ah Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Value

Ririn Irmadariyania*, Isti Fadahb,  Diana Sulianti K. Tobingc, Siti Maria Wardayatid, a,b,c,dLecturer university of Jember, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Management, Indonesia, Email: a*ririn.feb@unej.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of Shari'ah corporate social responsibility (SCSR) on corporate value and to examine the role of non-financial performance of companies in mediating the influence of SCSR and corporate value. This research uses an explanatory research method. This study used a sample of 78 observations from 13 companies for 6 years, namely, in 2011-2016 on companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange that are included in Jakarta Islamic Index. Partial Least Square (PLS) is used to analyze the data. In this study, the SCSR is measured by the Islamic Social Reporting Plus index (ISR plus). The values of the company is measured by PER and Tobin's Q, and the company's non-financial performance is measured by contentment and partners. This study provides the results that SCSR has a positive and significant effect on the company's non-financial performance, SCSR has a positive and significant effect on corporate value, and the company's non-financial performance fully mediates the effect of SCSR on corporate value. In further studies, it is expected that researchers use a sample of research on companies that purely run their businesses based on Islamic Shari'ah, so that they can provide better result. Pages 151 to 163




Online Based Waqf Management System in Indonesia: A New Model in Management of Waqf Administration

Nurul Imana, Adi Santosob, Edi Kurniawanc, a,b,cMuhammadiyah University of Ponorogo, Email: acahayaiman66@gmail.com,  badisantoso@umpo.ac.id,  cedy@umpo.ac.id

This article examines the management of waqf in Indonesia where most of the management in is done with a manual system or a computerized system. This system is limited to inputting data on Microsoft Excel, while the waqf and the government sometimes cannot access information about assets that are represented and managed by nadzir. In fact, the management of waqf by the legal entity or company management is minimal in neglecting the waqf assets assigned to them. However, if the management of the waqf is done by individuals, it is sometimes found that management is not transparent, and it is not uncommon for waqf assets surrendered by the endowment to be claimed as private property by the private heirs of the individual nadzir. Therefore, based on the cases of waqf management, a waqf management system is needed that can provide transparency in its management so that Nadzir, waqif, and the government easily access information about the development of waqf management and for nadzir itself, it will be easier to record and account for all waqf assets that he manages. Pages 164 to 180




 The Relationship between Personal Responsibility, Environmental Sensitivity and Perceived Behaviour Control with Green Consumers Intention in North Sumatera, Indonesia

Alprida Harahapa*, Amos Neolakab, Diana Vivantic, a,b,cPopulation and Environmental Education Department of Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*liaalprida12@gmail.com

‘Green consumers’ are people who use a product to minimize environmental damage. However, behaviour will not occur before the intention. Intention is the main predictor in realizing behaviour. This study aims to find out information about the relationship between personal responsibility, environmental sensitivity, and perceived behavioural control with green consumers intention. There were 200 students as samples taken by convenience sampling. This research is a quantitative and observational type research project with a cross sectional approach conducted on students. The results of the study are personal responsibility, environmental sensitivity, and perceived behavioural control correlation with green consumers intention. However, many factors act as a proxy for the green consumers intention  because the sample comes from different backgrounds as well as knowledge about environmental issues. Researchers recommend for further research to examine internal, external, and social factors on North Sumatera using the SEM method.  Pages 181 to 190




What Aspects of Questions Do Teachers Give Attention To?

Hieronimus Canggung Daronga, A.Effendi Kadarismanb, Yazid Basthomic, Nunung Suryatid, Maria Hidayatie, Erna Mena Nimanf, a,b,c,d,e,fUniversitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, Email: ahieronimusdarong@gmail.com,  beffendi.kadarisman@gmail.com,  cybasthomi@um.ac.id,  dnsuryati02@gmail.com,  emaria.hidayati.fs@um.ac.id,  fernaniman79@gmail.com

The purpose of this study was to examine question types, forms, functions and strategies employed by Indonesian English teachers in classroom interactions. Four Indonesian teachers were observed, audio-recorded and analysed following the principle of Conservation Analysis (CA). The analysis revealed a correspondence between the forms and functions of questions. Meanwhile, the use of a particular pragmatic strategy was beneficial to invite students’ responses which subsequently managed the flow of conservation. As one of the defining characteristics of an effective English teacher is his or her ability to use language both pedagogically and pragmatically, this study can provide practical insights into how questioning can be developed as a communicative act. Pages 191 to 208




Political Behaviour and Participation of Beginner Voters in Regional Heads Elections

Muliadi Nura, Nurhamdahb, Muhammad Aswadc, Abd. Rauf Ibrahimd, Abd. Rahman Fe, aCICG n RCP Center IAIN Manado, b,d,eIAIN Parepare, cUniversitas Sulawesi Barat, Email: anurhamdah@iainpare.ac.idbabd.rauf.ibrahim@iainpare.ac.idcmuliadi.nur@iain-manado.ac.id

The fundamental aspect of increasing voter participation is the voter's knowledge and attitude towards the general election itself. This study examines the mapping of knowledge and the factors forming the knowledge, behaviour and participation of beginner voters in regional elections. The problem under study focuses on how the political behaviour of beginner voters in the Ajattappareng region during the 2018 elections was simultaneously based on psychological, sociological and rational factors. The study employed a qualitative research design with a descriptive approach. Sources of research data include primary and secondary data collected through survey techniques and document studies, which was then analysed using an interactive model from Mattew B. Miles and A. Michael Haberman. The results showed that the behaviour of beginner voters was in the high category for both psychological and rational approaches, and in the low category for the sociological approach. These results have implications for the high political participation of beginner voters, with most voters in the Ajattappareng region found to use their voting rights in 2018 elections. Pages 209 to 224




Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy of Vocational High School Students in Makassar City

Abdullah Pandanga*, Farida Aryanib, Siti Sapiahc, a,bUniversitas Negeri Makassar, cUniversitas Sulawesi Barat, Email: a*pandang_unm@yahoo.com

This study aims to examine the entrepreneurial self-efficacy of vocational high school students in Makassar City and its correlation with the backgrounds of the school and parents. The study used a quantitative expose-facto approach with a population of vocational students in Makassar. The number of research samples was 880 students. The sampling procedure used proportional random sampling techniques by considering proportional representation of sub-population categories, such as areas of expertise, proficiency in vocational study programs and gender. The measurement of entrepreneurial self-efficacy variable used a scale developed and adapted from the Entrepreneur Self-Efficacy Scale from De Nobel, AF, Jung, D. & Ehrlich, SB (2000). Data analysis was conducted through descriptive and inferential methods with Anova statistical techniques and the IBM SPSS Statistics 24 program. The results of the study showed that the value of entrepreneurial self-efficacy of students at the Makassar vocational high school was in a fairly high category. A significant difference existed in the values of entrepreneurial self-efficacy viewed from the areas of expertise and study programs, while no significant difference was found in values viewed from education level or occupation type of students’ parents of students. Pages 225 to 243




The Existence and Islamic Orientation of Jam'iyah Khalwatiyahsyekh Yusuf Al-Makassariy

St. Aminaha, Firmanb, Hamdanah Saidc, Muliadid, Andi Nurkidame, a,b,c,d,eIAIN Parepare, Indonesia, Email: ast.aminah@stainparepare.ac.id,  bfirmanmakmur65@gmail.com,  chamdanahsaid@gmail.com,  dmuliadi.muliadi@umi.ac.id,  eanurkidam@iainpare.ac.id

The purpose of this research was to depict the profile, to reveal the practice of dhikr and the prayer of the tarekat, and to describe various religious and social activities of Jam'iyah Khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf al-Makassariy. The study’s method employed field research which was conducted in Makassar City, Pangkep Regency, Maros Regency and Gowa Regency, and was historical and theological in approach. The data source was the murshid and tarekat Khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf al-Makassariy. The profile of Khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf al-Makassarycan can be seen from two points of view: as jam'iyah and as a tarekat school. Jam'iyah is an association or forum, an organisation gathering followers of the tarekat Khalwatiyah Syekh Yusuf al-Makassariy. Within the practices of dhikrfor, tarekat worshippers are always reciting لاَاَلٰهَ اِلاَّ اللهُ (La Ilaha Illallah). Additionally, the dhikris prayer and the prayer before and after waking up are most often practiced. Worship practices in fard and sunnah prayer are also given priority, particularly the Lail and Tahajjud prayer in the middle of the night and the Dhuha prayer in the morning. For social practice, especially in Eid Al-Fitr, the Jam'iyah distributed zakat fitrah and in Eid al-Adha, in which sacrificial meat and basic necessities are distributed to the poor. Pages 244 to 258




Settlement of Foreign Labour Market Policy in ASEAN + 3 Free Trade Perspectives in Indonesia

Ahmad Rizki Sridadia,, Bagus Oktafian Abriantob, Iman Prihandonoc, Faizal Kurniawand, Gigih Prihantonoe, aFaculty of Economic and Business Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, bAdministrative Law Department Faculty of Law, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, cInternational Law Department Faculty of Law, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, dCivil Law Department Faculty of Law Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia,

Indonesia’s relationship with the ASEAN + 3 initially began in 1997 with the ASEAN Plus Three (APT) Summit. The summit resulted in an agreement of cooperation in the fields of trade, investment and finance. The agreement itself provides three broad implications for Indonesia (Verico, 2013). First, Indonesia must reduce import duty on imported goods, thereby encouraging increased imports for Indonesia. Second, Indonesia will face a large number of foreign direct investment (FDI) from ASEAN + 3 countries. Third, Indonesia will face an influx of foreign labours entering ASEAN + 3 countries. Based on its national origin, foreign labour from China dominates the Indonesia foreign labour industry. Referring to the list of permits for hiring foreign labour issued by the Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration, 21,271 labours (28.7%) of the total 74,183 foreign labours in Indonesia were from China. The exquisite numbers of trade transactions between Indonesia and China and the large amount of aid and cooperation between the two countries have led to this dominating increase in Chinese labours in Indonesia. In the January-November 2016 period, the number of foreign labours from China increased by 21.44% from the end of 2015. In addition to legal foreign labours, Indonesia also experienced issues in monitoring those than entered illegally. Besides information released in media news, no official statistics are available to estimate the amount of illegal foreign labours entering Indonesia. Pages 259 to 274




Developing Professional Lecturers in Higher Education: Case Study in Private Colleges

Rifa Nurmilaha, Ibrahim Bafadalb, Ery Tri Djatmika, R.W.Wc, Ali Imrond, Abd. Qadir Muslime, aStudent Doctoral of Universitas Negeri Malang, b,c,dLecturer Doctoral of Universitas Negeri Malang, eLecturer of Universitas Brawijaya, Email: anurmilah2504@gmail.com,  bibrahim.bafadal.fip@um.ac.id,  cery.tri.fe@um.ac.id,  dali.imron.fip@um.ac.id,  eqadirmuslim@ub.ac.id

Resulting from the competition between private colleges in attracting student interest, many attempts have been made to improve the quality of universities by building professional competencies of lecturers. Highly competent lecturers will be able to produce reliable and capable student graduates. The purpose of this study is to determine a strategy for the professional development of lecturers, including policies and methods for implementing the professional conduct of lecturers’ duties following the tri dharma of higher education. This case study was conducted at private colleges. Research findings indicate that planning of the lecturer’s professional development programs is in accordance with the college’s strategic plan and with government policies. Pedagogical, professional, personal and social skills can be improved by implementing the program with further study at a higher level in the country or abroad, as well as through participating in activities, conducting research and engaging in community service. Collaboration with other agencies and organisations will also encourage lecturers to be more innovative and creative in developing competencies individually and organically through advancing shelter institutions. Pages 275 to 283




Online Single Submission (OSS) System: a Licensing Services Breakthrough in Local Government?

Hermawana, aUniversitas Brawijaya, Email: ahermawanfia@ub.ac.id

Technological developments have become integral to government bodies to improve service quality. Electronic-based government, or e-government, is concerned with providing electronic services (electronic services). Problems with licensing are complicated, and the completion of the old license has resulted in an online permit system, namely Online Single Submission (OSS). The Online Single Submission (OSS) system is a business permit issued by OSS institutions to businesses through an integrated electronic system. This study aims to determine the potential challenges and opportunities involved in the application of OSS systems in licensing services. Through use of a qualitative descriptive research approach, the results of this study indicate that the implementation of the OSS system was successful. The OSS system increases regional investment, effectiveness and efficiency and improves service quality. Challenges also arose in its implementation, however, including lack of community understanding of the system and its absence of regional regulations. Pages 284 to 296




 Internalisation of Student Learning: Transformation Process, Transaction and Trans-internalisation of Value in Islamic Education Subject

Rianawatia, aInstitut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia, Email: airin_ptk@ymail.com

Many factors may cause a student’s personality or character to deteriorate. This decline can be seen in a student’s learning behaviours, in which bad results can cause hopelessness and dishonesty. Further, students may be disrespectful to the opinions of friends, may lack discipline and independence in learning, and may be less creative. This paper aims to explain how to internalise students’ characters in the Islamic Education Subject (PAI) learning in senior high school (SMA). The study uses a descriptive method with a qualitative approach as the research is intended to reveal the condition of the subject based on data collection. Based on results of the data analysis and discussion, it can be concluded that the internalisation of students’ learning independence in Islamic religious learning is conducted through the initial, core and final activities. Pages 297 to 313




Teaching Management in the Industrial Revolution 4.0: The New Teacher's Worldview

Suwito Eko Pramonoa*, Fathur Rokhmanb, Putut Marwotoc, Syaiful Amind, a,b,c,dInstitute for Research and Community Service, Universitas Negeri Semarang Taman Siswa Street, Semarang City, Central  Java, Indonesia, Email: a*suwitoekop@mail.unnes.ac.id

The objective of this article is to analyse the perspective of teachers’ worldview about teaching management in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 era. The research questions include  1) how do teachers carry out learning management in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 era? 2) how is the paradigm shift in learning management the  result of the Industrial Revolution 4.0? This research was conducted within a qualitative framework with a case study design. The research data was  collected from high school teachers within two provinces in Indonesia. According to the research results : 1) In the process of planning learning, teachers have integrated technology in the media and learning resources. The success of learning is determined by the extent to which the teacher can improvise technology in the process of delivering material and thematic discussion; 2) The Industrial revolution 4.0 era has created a paradigm shift in learning management, from teacher centred towards collaboration between student and teacher. This shift allow the learning atmosphere to become  more active and dynamic. Through this approach, teachers believe  that students are able to learn tolerance, democracy, and social solidarity. Pages 314 to 326




Analysis of Company Performances through Competitive Strategies of SMES Managers

Jubaedaha, Ivan Yulivanb, Ajeng Septiana Wulansaric, a,cUniversitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran”, Jakarta, Indonesia, bUniversitas Pertahanan, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: ajubaedah@upnvj.ac.id,  bivan.yulivan@yahoo.com,  cajengseptiana@upnvj.ac.id

This study aims to determine the influence of a Company's revenue and resources regarding  competitive strategies and their implications for company performance in SMEs in Depok, West Java. This study uses descriptive and explanatory survey methods. The unit of analysis is 170 SMEs in Depok  using a probability sampling method. Data analysis uses descriptive and quantitative research methods. Hypothesis testing is conducted by using PLS. The research findings indicate that SME managers do not have sufficient resources, and have not managed revenue well, so competitive strategy is not suitable to be implemented to  improve company performance. The results of the study show that the company's revenue and resources simultaneously affected the company's performance both directly and indirectly through competitive strategies. However, in part , revenue has no influence on a Company's performance either directly or indirectly through a competitive strategy. Competitive strategy has a significant effect on company performance with a greater value of influence when compared to the direct effect of revenue and company resources on company performance. Pages 327 to 356




Influences of Media Richness on Instagram towards Consumer Purchase Intention: The Mediating Effect of Brand Equity

Muhammad Asyraf Hasima, Muhammad Shahrinb, Rosni Ab. Wahidc, a,b,cUniversiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, Email: aasyrafhasim@unikl.edu.my, bmshahrin@unikl.edu.my, crosni@unikl.edu.my

Social media has become a widely-adopted technology since it  was introduced to the world, affecting businesses in myriad ways. In the present time, the majority of companies  have started to invest in social media marketing regarding  the ability to  initiate new contacts leading to better profitability. However, only a few studies have looked at the empirical link between media richness originating from social media e.g. Instagram and purchase intention among consumers. This paper discusses the influence of media richness on Instagram towards consumers’ intention to purchase, mediated by brand equity. This study was conducted utilising a survey research method, aiming to create a better understanding of consumer intention to purchase as  influenced by social media richness. A total of 217 undergraduate students in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia age 19 to 24 years  took part in this study . The respondents were  exposed to Instagram postings on similar products for sale. Partial least square structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) was applied to fit  data in the hypothesised model. The outcome of this study is useful to both researchers and business practitioners in order to understand the importance of social media richness specifically utilising Instagram as a business platform. Future studies should consider  discovering different perspectives of media richness involving other types of social media. Pages 357 to 367




ERM Sophistication, Asymmetric Information and Audit Quality

Dewi Darmastutia, Rita Sugiartib, Agus Maulanac, a,cFaculty of Economics and Business Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta, bFaculty of Educational and Social Science Universitas Indraprasta PGRI, Email: adewidarmastuti@upnvj.ac.id,  britasugiarti1201@gmail.com,  cagmaulana.skl@gmail.com

This study aims to examine the negative effects of ERM sophistication on asymmetric information and the role of internal audit function and auditor specialisation in strengthening the negative effect of ERM sophistication on asymmetric information. This study used 281 listed companies in the Indonesian Stock Exchange in 2016. The method of Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA) is used in this study. The results show that ERM sophistication has a negative and significant effect on  asymmetric information, while the internal audit function and auditor specialisation cannot improve  the negative effect of ERM sophistication on asymmetric information. The fact that there are still many sample companies audited by non-specialist public accounting firms and the lack of information presented by company related to their  internal audit functions becomes an obstacle in assessing the effectiveness of supervision by internal audit of management activities. Pages 368 to 391




Using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM):  Mediation between Strategic Management & Performance

Ibrahim Kamal Abdul Rahmana, Md. Mamun Miab*, a,bUniversiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, 50250 Kuala Lumpur, Email: b*mamun.contact@yahoo.com  

This study explores the uses of partial least squares in structural equation modelling as a strategic management method on business performance. The aim is to explore whether strategic management helps to improve business performance indirectly. The  study uses a  quantitative approach. The source of data collection is  questionnaires surveyed from ready-made-garment manufacturers in Bangladesh by a cluster sampling technique. Development  of a hypothesis-testing conceptual framework of strategic management model shows  the mediating role of leadership style suggesting significance  the business performance. The output shows that strategic management helps to improve the sustainability of  company performance by strategic management traits of leadership style in the form of a partial mediation. It reveals that the mediating role of leadership style which helps to improve business performance through an understanding of leadership style attention harmonised towards business performance statistically significant. Pages 392 to 404




Strategic Management Accounting Practice as a Mediating Role between Strategy Formation Capability and Value Creation

Nik Herda Nik Abdullaha*, Jamaliah Saidb, Ibrahim Kamal Abdul Rahmanc, Tuan Zainun Tuan Matd, aTaylor’s Business School, Taylor’s University, 47500 Subang Jaya, Malaysia, bAccounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam 40450, Malaysia, cBusiness School, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, 50250 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, dFaculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, 43200 Bandar Puncak Alam Malaysia, Email: a*nikherda.nikabdullah@taylors.edu.my

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effectiveness of strategic management accounting practices (SMA) in enhancing the relationship between strategy formation capability and value creation in Malaysian Government Linked Companies (GLCs). At present, studies that emphasise the role of SMA practices in stimulating value creation is not widely obtainable. By using structural equation modelling and data collected from a sample of 215 questionnaires, the findings revealed that strategic management accounting practices play a significant role in mediating the relationship between strategy formation capability and value creation. This research extends  the growing body of literature about SMA practices, value creation and strategy formation capability. The results will pave the way towards enhancing the understanding of successful SMA practices in Malaysian GLCs, which provides evidence on how to significantly improve value creation through the adoption of SMA techniques that improve competitiveness in the industry, business sustainability, and secure long-term performance. Pages 405 to 429




Perception of Non-Muslim Manufacturers towards Halal Food Supply Chain in Malaysia

Muna Norkhairunnisak Ustadia*, Sharina Osmanb, Raja Zuraidah Rasic, a,bUniversiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, 50250 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, cFaculty of Business and Technology Management, Universiti Tun Hussien Onn, 86400 Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia, Email: a*norkhairunnisak@unikl.edu.my

The concept of a halal food supply chain  commonly concerns  Muslim consumers in Malaysia. However, as a result of  the increasing concern on health, the halal food business  has huge potential in capturing non-Muslims as a target market. The concept of halal  regarding food today is beyond the understanding of religious values . This study  aims to highlight the perception of  halal food among non-Muslim manufacturers as one of the target markets in the halal food industry. The findings may also provide a better understanding of factors influencing non-Muslims in producing halal food as their preference. Data was collected using a qualitative method through semi-structured interviews among non-Muslim consumers in Klang Valley. Data will be analysed using thematic content analysis for our qualitative research. Pages 430 to 440




Workplace bullying causing negative employee behaviours: A case from the Indonesian banking sector

Sri Langgeng Ratnasaria, Rahmawatib, Dwi Septi Haryanic, Rona Tanjungd, Basukie, a,dUniversitas Riau Kepulauan, bUniversitas Mulawarman Kalimantan Timur, cSTIE Pembangunan Tanjungpinang, eUniversitas islam Kalimantan MAB Banjarmasin, Email: asarisucahyo@yahoo.com,  brahma.thaha@gmail.com,  cdwiseptih@stie-pembangunan.ac.id,  drona@fekon.unrika.ac.id,  ebasuki@uniska-bjm.ac.id

Workplace bullying has emerged as a significant concern for those organisations which have suffered loss  both financial and in human capital as a result. Victims of workplace bullying  have been found to be involved in negative behaviours which are also costly for organisations. Therefore, this study examined the influence of workplace bullying on  employee behaviour, more specifically job satisfaction, absenteeism, performance and employee morale. Data was  collected from  employees working in Indonesian banks. Data was analysed following collection,  by using Smart-PLS. The data analysis revealed that workplace bullying is associated with employee morale. The association is valued at -0.636. Workplace bullying was also found to be associated with job satisfaction valued at -0.432. This means that when  employees are over  exposed to  negativity in the  workplace, it tends to lower their work satisfaction . The outcome of workplace bullying is dissatisfaction. When employees are continuously abused and threatened with  loss of the resources they are entitled to they will  ultimately develop a tendency towards  negative thinking. In addition,  workplace bullying was also found to be associated with employee performance . All  hypotheses of the study have been  accepted. Finally, the study also offers directions for future research. Pages 441 to 458




How Interactional Justice within Organisations Impacts Counterproductive Work Behaviours and Self-Efficacy in the Presence of Performance Appraisal Satisfaction

Marjan Miharjaa, Rian Saciptob, Quyen Le Hoang Thuy To Nguyenc*, Phong Thanh Nguyend, Trisadini Prasastinah Usantie, aSekolah Tinggi Ilmu Hukum IBLAM, bProgram Doktor Ilmu Hukum Unissula, cOffice of Cooperation and Research Management, Ho Chi Minh City Open University, Vietnam, dDepartment of Project Management, Ho Chi Minh City Open University, Vietnam, eUniversitas Airlangga, Email: amarjan83miharja@gmail.com,  brian.sacipto@gmail.com,  c*quyen.nlhtt@ou.edu.vn, phong.nt@ou.edu.vn, dtrisadini@fh.unair.ac.id

The aim of the current study is to examine  how interactional justice impacts on  counter productive work behaviour and self-efficacy and how performance appraisal satisfaction mediates the relationship between interactional justice, self-efficacy and counterproductive work behaviour. In the present economy, the data  collected is from the telecommunication industry which creates  higher market share within the industry. Moreover, fast mobile networks are now the most efficient way for Indonesians to catch up with more developed countries and provide coverage in even  less populated regions. The deductive approach is used under for this study. The research is quantitative in  nature as it provides factual data on numerical figure bases that can be easily evaluated  and  free from any type of the ambiguities. Similarly, the study is cross sectional . The self-administered questionnaire is used for collecting data from respondents. A simple random sampling technique is used under in study for data collection from 300  telecommunication employees. A total of 300 questionnaires are distributed out of which 270 questionnaires were collected from employees. The smart PLS is used in this study for analysing the relationship among variables. The study  correlates among variables. The study’s primary concern  is to identify the relationship between variables such as interactional justice, counterproductive work behaviour, self-efficacy and performance appraisal satisfaction. The study finding  reveals that all hypotheses  which show that interactional justice has a significant relationship between interactional justice, counterproductive work behaviour, self- efficacy and performance appraisal satisfaction have been accepted. Moreover, there are limited studies available regarding telecommunication in the human resource management department of Asian economies. Regardless,  human resource management practices are not properly followed in developing countries. Pages 459 to 477




The Mediating Impact of Perceived Organisational Politics on the Relationship between Leadership Styles and Job Satisfaction

Yanti Budiasiha, Cahya Fajar Budi Hartantob, Tri Minh Hac*, Phong Thanh Nguyend, Trisadini Prasastinah Usantie, aInstitut Teknologi dan Bisnis Ahmad Dahlan Jakarta, bPoliteknik Bumi Akpelni, cThe School of Business, International University-Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, dDepartment of Project Management, Ho Chi Minh City Open University, Vietnam, e Fakultas Hukum Universitas Airlangga, Email: ayantibudiasih@yahoo.com,  bfajar@akpelni.ac.id,  chmtri@hcmiu.edu.vn,  sphong.nt@ou.edu.vn,  etrisadini@fh.unair.ac.id

The present study examines the relationship among the leadership style (transformational leadership (TFL), transactional leadership (TSL), laissez-faire leadership (LFL)) and job satisfaction (JS) of the private sector within organisations in the capital city of Indonesia. The purpose of the current study is also to examine the mediating impact of perceived organisational politics (POP) between the relationship of leadership style and JS. The managers and their  subordinates of private organisations in the capital city of Thailand constitute the study   respondents . The data was  gathered through survey questionnaires, and PLS-SEM was used to test the hypotheses. The results revealed that there is a positive relationship between TFL, laissez-faire leadership, and JS while  a negative relationship exists between  transactional leadership and JS. The results also revealed that perceived organisational politics mediates the relationship between all  leadership styles and JS. The findings recommend to  regulators that they should emphasise  leadership style that positively affects  job satisfaction and also POP that enhances the relationship between   leadership style and job satisfaction. Pages 478 to 495  




Empirical Examination of SERVQUAL regarding patient satisfaction and loyalty within the  UAE Healthcare Industry

Ahmed Abdulkareem Mosa Alhattia, aManagement and Science University, Malaysia,

The healthcare industry has been booming around  the world. The aim of this research is to measure the effect of SERVQUAL dimensions on patients’ satisfaction and examine the mediating role of satisfaction on patients’ loyalty. SERVQUAL model was used to develop the conceptual basis for this study. The model includes five independent, one mediating and one dependent variable. A quantitative approach was used as a research design. In order to collect primary data, this study developed a well-structured questionnaire based on prior SERVQUAL items. During one month, this study managed to obtained 412 respondents based on non-probability sampling.  Multiple regression and Sobel test were applied to test the hypotheses. The results indicated all the four dimensions of the SERVQUAL model significantly affect both patients’ satisfaction and loyalty except for tangibility. Moreover, the Sobel test confirmed the mediating effect of satisfaction on patients’ loyalty. This study can be considered as  further  empirical evidence about the effectiveness of the SERVIQUAL model in the UAE healthcare industry. Based on the results, this study provides several practical implications for the above  mentioned industry. Pages 496 to 514




Integration of STEM Approach in Teaching Science to Indonesian Islamic Boarding School Students (Malaysian Pre-service Teachers' Experience)

Purwati Kuswarini Supraptoa, Mohammad Norawib, Diana Hernawatic, Vita Meylanid, a,c,dBiology Education Department, Universitas Siliwangi, Indonesia, bPhysic Department, University Sains Malaysia, Malaysia,

The research  objective is to look at the effectiveness of STEM integration in science learning in Islamic boarding schools based on the experience of PSTs in teaching practice. It’s based on  qualitative research, with an explanatory approach. The participants of this study were 65 Islamic boarding school students in Tasikmalaya, West Java, Indonesia. The focus of  the school local curriculum is based on religion rather than formal learning, especially science. Learning is carried out using the STEM approach, for 2 months including A non-test research instrument in the form of a questionnaire. In addition, semi-structured interviews were  conducted as the main source of data incorporating  various documents, notes, and diaries. Data processing was completed through data collection and data reduction . The results of the study in the form of response analysis showed that the STEM approach could be integrated into science learning at the Islamic boarding school-based high school . The STEM approach used by PSTs received a good response, namely 71%, while student   using this approach were higher at 83%.  The STEM approach has been able to inspire half  the student population  to become scientists and  work in the field of technology. Pages 515 to 530




Tax Culture and its Impact on Tax Activity (Applied Research Regarding the General Authority for Taxation)

Iman Hussein Dawood Al-Shareaa, Raad Zaid Alwan Al-Azzawib, Ali Hussein KHhudhairc, aHigher Institute for Accounting and Financial Studies, bCollege of Management and Economics, University of Baghdad, cMinistry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Email: aeman@pgiafs.uobaghdad.edu.iq, braad_z_alazawi@coadec.uobaghdad.edu.iq, calialtaye79@gmail.com

The research aims to shed light on the impact of tax culture on the performance of tax activity regarding the General Authority for Taxation as a service provider for taxpayers and companies. The Authority can adopt new concepts to increase understanding and to know how to pay attention to taxpayers. They can increase the speed of achievement and learning, which reflects on their tax performance in attracting new taxpayers and building long-term relationships with them. In analysing its variables, the research was based on questionnaires as the main tools for collecting information by surveying the opinions of the individual supervisors. Their answers were analysed using computational circles, standard deviations and the method of analysis. The results showed that tax culture had a significant effect on tax activity. This is evident by its contribution to the interpretation of the total variance, which is a good indicator of the effect of tax culture on the performance of the research sample. Pages 531 to 551




The Effect of Entrepreneurial Dimensions on the Continuous Improvement of Tax: An Empirical Analysis of the General Authority for Taxation

Maha Sabah Ibrahima, Iman Hussein Dawoodb, a,bUniversity of Baghdad\ Higher Institute of Accounting and Financial Studies, Email: aMaha.sb@pgiafs.uobaghdad.edu.iq, beman@pgiafs.uobaghdad.edu.iq

This study aimed to expatiate on research on the roles played by entrepreneurship and knowledge in the continuous improvement of the taxes of General Authority for Taxation as a provider of services. Thus, the study examined to what extent existing research understands the importance of entrepreneurship. Moreover, the study employed analysis of its variables as a main tool for collecting data and information. This study raised many questions including the following: What are the benefits of entrepreneurship and what is the readiness of the General Authority for Taxation? What is the impact of the dimensions of entrepreneurship (job creation, leadership and enterprise culture) on the continuous development of the selected population? The findings from this study clearly conclude that in the development of performance, the organisation adopted several techniques of continuous improvement. This is so whether the performance is of individuals or processes that constantly aim to eliminate all shortcomings in the organisation. Similarly, the results showed a positive impact of entrepreneurship on the continuous improvement of tax. This is an indication of a positive impact of the entrepreneurship’s performance in the selected population of the study. Pages 552 to 576




Responsible Accounting and Its Role in Achieving Competitive Advantage

Abid Kalaf Aljanabia, Muqdad Ahmed Nourib, a,bDoctor Instructor Department Of Accounting , College of Administrating and Economic University of Baghdad, Email: aabedaljanaby@yahoo.com,   bmuqdad@codoc.uobaghdad.edu.iq

One of the management accounting tools is responsible accounting. In this system, the organisation is divided into responsibility centres that help to connect an individual performance responsible to perform through a combined system of reports according to the implementation of the mechanism of exception tools which gives assistance in planning. The exploitation of the organisation’s available resources is achieved through the application of responsible accounting. Also, the best exploitation will lead to the provision of low-cost products through the disposal of all types of waste or loss during the cost centres.  By providing products at a lower cost and satisfying the wishes of the needs of customers, the result reflects the competitive advantage of those organisations and leads to an increase of market share and long-term products. Therefore, the implementation of  responsible accounting in organisations will lead to the competitive advantage of those organisations. Pages 577 to 611




Extent of Adoption of External Auditor on Internal Control in Bank Auditing

Omer Ali  Kamila, Esraa Abdulsattar Ahmedb, aCollege of Business Economics, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq, bMinistry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Baghdad, Iraq, Email: aomeraldoori7@gmail.com,  bsarrw84@yahoo.com

This research is an attempt by researchers to prove and identify the extent of adoption of external auditor on internal control in bank auditing. Based on the fact that  external audit is a complementary step for the internal audit function and internal control as a system in  economic units in general and  banks in particular. Therefore, the complementary step must be based on the work of the previous step, in order to achieve the research objective  by confirming and diagnosing  size and how the external auditor adopted  to  the internal audit process of  banks by attempting to prove the research hypothesis which is embodied in the over reliance of  external auditors on the internal control of  banks through  their  audits, scientific results may contribute positively to this area. Pages 612 to 624




Financial Education, Political Instability and Firm Performance: Evidence from Malaysian SMEs

Walaa Ismael Alnassara, Eatessam AL-Shakrchyb, aThe University of Baghdad, College of Administration & Economic, Iraq, bThe University of Gothenburg, Department of sociology and work science, Sweden, Email: awalaa@coadec.uobaghdad.edu.iq,  beatessam.al-shakrchy@gu.se

This study assesses the short-term and long-term interactions between firm performance, financial education and political instability in the case of Malaysia Small to Medium Enterprises (SMEs). The simultaneous insertion of financial education and political instability within the study is done intentionally to inspect the effect of these two elements in one equation for the Malaysian economy. Using the bound testing methodology for  cointegration and error correction models, advanced within an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) framework, we examine whether a long-run equilibrium connection survives between firm performance and the above mentioned independent variables. Using this method, we uncover evidence of a positive long-term link between firm performance and financial education, as well as  a  negative long-term relationship between firm performance and political instability. It has been  suggested that SME owners enhance  financial literacy and to be cautious about political indicators of the country. Pages 625 to 639




Determinants of Tax Compliance among Grabcar in Malaysia

Nadiah Abd Hamida, Zarinah Abdul Rasitb, Amira Izzatie Binti Ishakc, Rosmawati Binti Abd Hamidd, Farquarul Ariffin Bin Abdullahe , Soliha Sanusif, a,b,c,d,e,fFaculty of Accountancy Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor School of Management USM, Pulau Pinang, Email: anadiah201@uitm.edu.my,  esolihasanusi@usm.my

The transportation industry is one of the largest sectors in the global economy, and  rapidly changes in tandem  with innovation technology. GrabCar is one of the latest technology advancements in the transportation industry. To support the country’s growth, it is vital for GrabCar drivers to carry out their responsibilities to pay taxes. However, there is an increasing number of cases of tax non-compliance among these drivers which could affect government revenue. Therefore, the aim of this study to examine factors affecting tax compliance among GrabCar drivers in Malaysia. The quantitative research approach was chosen to obtain relevant data for this study which was conducted among Grab drivers providing services on at least one occasion  in Malaysia. The results of this study revealed that tax knowledge and attitude  influence  tax compliance among  drivers. The findings can act as signal to tax authority to conduct tax education program in order to increase awareness among grab drivers in Malaysia. Pages 640 to 651




The Role of Strategic Management Accounting on Heterogeneity of Human Capital, Information Technology Capabilities and Value Creation

Nik Herda Nik Abdullaha, D. Agus Harjitob, Jamaliah Saidc, aTaylor’s Business School, Taylor’s University, Malaysia, bManagement Department, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, cAccounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, Email: anikherda.nikabdullah@taylors.edu.mybagus_h@uii.ac.id, cjamaliah533@uitm.edu.my

This study investigates the effectiveness of strategic management accounting practices (SMA) in enhancing the relationship between the heterogeneity of human capital, information technology capabilities and value creation in Malaysian Government Linked Companies (GLCs). The lack of value creation and structural capabilities creates a gap in talent, execution skills and capabilities, which are the challenges commonly faced by GLCs. At present, studies that emphasise the role of SMA practices in promoting value creation and internal capabilities are not widely available. Through structural equation modelling and analyses of data collected from 215 questionnaires, the findings appear to support the role of SMA practices in enhancing the relationship between heterogeneity of human capital and information technology capabilities on value creation in GLCs. These results extend to the growing body of knowledge on SMA practices, value creation and dynamic capabilities theory, specifically on the heterogeneity of human capital and information technology capabilities. Pages 652 to 673




Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure to Firm Value with Family Ownership as the Moderating Variable

Gusriantia, Muthia Prima Nirmalab, Hurian Kamelac, Chaerul D. Djakmand, Desi Adharianie, a,b,c,d,eDepartment of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Email: agusrianti@ui.ac.id,  bmuthia.prima71@ui.ac.id,  churian.kamela@ui.ac.id,  dcdjakman@gmail.com,  edesi.adhariani@ui.ac.id

The growing concern on social and environmental issues from various stakeholders creates the demand for corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosures. This study aims to obtain empirical evidence on the association of CSR disclosure and firm value with family ownership as the moderating variable. It is argued that family firms will strengthen the association as family owners will try to keep the good reputation of their company and maintain good relationships with stakeholders. The quantitative method is used to investigate this issue by performing a moderated regression on a sample of manufacturing companies in Indonesia. The number of samples is 196 firm-year observations for the research period of 2014–2016, selected using a purposive sampling technique. The results show that CSR disclosure had a positive effect on firm value, but there was no role of moderation of family ownership variables found on the association. The insignificant role is likely due to the effect of weak control from the pyramid-shaped ownership on firms in Indonesia. The contribution of this research is expected to provide an overview of CSR disclosure and its relation to firm value in the context of family companies in Indonesia. Pages 674 to 688




Board of Trustees’ Functions and Accountability as Drivers of Performance in Charities: Does Reputation Matter?

Rebecca Yewa, Ummu Kolsomeb, aINTI International University, bUniversiti Tunku Abdul Rahman,

The board of trustees is an internal mechanism tasked with managing a charity. Irrespective of how the trustees are chosen or designated, they have a formal duty for their institution and should act to its greatest advantage. As a voluntary organisation, a charity’s success is defined by the achievement of its goal and mission. Hence, the purpose of this research is twofold: to study the relationship between both the boards of trustees’ functions and boards of trustees’ accountability, with the performance of charities; and whether the reputation of charities mediates the said relationships. Using data from a survey of 73 charities, established to care for disabled persons, the aforesaid relationships were empirically studied. The findings provided that the respondents to the survey, who were responsible for managing the charities, perceived there to be significant and positive associations between boards of trustees’ accountability with the charities’ performance. However, the relationship between the boards of trustees’ function and the charities’ performance was positive but not significant. It was interesting to note that they also perceived that the charities’ reputation mediated the said relationships and thus, led to significant relationships between both the independent variables and the dependent variable. The research was limited by the fact that it was cross-sectional and focussed on charities with a common purpose. Nevertheless, the findings contributed to the body of knowledge in the area of charities’ performance, by testing the research model in the context of charities in Malaysia, and by incorporating the reputation of charities, as a mediator, into the said research model. Pages 689 to 704




Influence of Transformational Leadership Style, Internal Control System, and Government Internal Auditor (APIP) Capability Level on Fraud Prevention

Klara Indra Pratiwia, Dini Rosdinib, Fury Khristianty Fitriyahc, a,b,cFakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Padjajaran Jl. Dipatiukur No 35 Bandung, Indonesia, Email: aklaraindra@gmail.com, bdini.rosdini@unpad.ac.id, cfury@unpad.ac.id

This study examined the effect of transformational leadership, internal control system, and government internal auditor (APIP) capability level on fraud prevention in local government in West Java, either partially or simultaneously. The population in this research are 28 local government bodies located in West Java, namely the West Java Provincial Government, 18 district governments and nine city governments. Variables of Transformational Leadership Style (X1) and Fraud Prevention (Y) were assessed using primary data through questionnaires. The questionnaire for the Transformational Leadership Style variable was the Head of the Office, and for Fraud Prevention was the financial department. The Internal Control System (X2) and the APIP Capability Level (X3) variables use secondary data. Data analysis was performed using a descriptive analysis, and hypothesis testing was performed using a multiple regression analysis through the SPSS program. The results showed that the transformational leadership style positively influences the prevention of fraud, where the better the transformational leadership style, the better the prevention of fraud is being applied. Meanwhile, the internal control system does not affect the prevention of fraud. This is because the level of maturity of SPIP is relatively low, so this device cannot be used to detect fraud prevention adequately. In relation to the APIP capability level, it partially has a positive effect on fraud prevention, where the higher the level of APIP capability, the better the prevention of fraud is being applied. Pages 705 to 726




Motivations for Shared Services to Employ Green Management Practices

Emmarelda Maswesi Ahmada*, Nur Adura Ahmad Noruddinb, Rina Fadhilah Ismailc, Nur Ashikin Ishakd, Erlane K Ghanie, a,b,c,d,eFaculty of Accountancy Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: a*emmarelda@uitm.edu.my

There has been a persistent demand by numerous stakeholders for green business practices due to the increasing awareness of environmental issues in the last few years. Many conferences, seminars, and campaigns have been held in order to educate business operators on the green concept, as well as the need to comprehend the prospects of going green. It is undeniable that green management practices may entail additional costs, however, industry players should acknowledge that green, or also known as environmental management, is able to provide useful information needed to improve performance that leads to sustainable development. This study examines the level of implementation of green management practices and motivations for shared services centres (SSCs) to go green, as well as to discover the relationships between the motivations and green management practices among SSCs. These motivations refer to environmental regulations, environmental voluntary reporting, environmental training, managerial perception and the economic benefits of green management practices. Built on the stakeholder theory, data was collected by means of a questionnaire survey. The findings exposed that SSCs’ green management practices are at a low level. Furthermore, environmental training and environmental voluntary reporting are found to be strong motivations for SSCs to employ green management practices. Pages 727 to 745




The Effectiveness of the eRezeki Digital Platform in Kuala Selangor, Malaysia

Nurhaiyyu Abdull Hamida, Noor Hasniza Haronb, Nik Anis Idayu Nik Abdullahc, Mazurina Mohd Alid, Nadiah Abd Hamide, a,b,c,d,eFaculty of Accountancy Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Selangor Selangor, Malaysia, Email: anurhaiyyu1854@uitm.edu.my,  bhasniza330@uitm.edu.my,  cnikanis0209@uitm.edu.my,  dmazurina@uitm.edu.my,  enadiah201@uitm.edu.my

This paper is conducted to measure the effectiveness of the National eRezeki Program that was launched for the benefit of the B40 group by the Malaysian Government in 2015. High living costs, high inflation, unexpected currency fluctuation, and reduced subsidies are some of the common problems that the B40 group is facing. It is expected that the launch of the national eRezeki digital platform will support the B40 group by increasing the quality of life through the leveraging of the digital economies. Together with the registered B40 group in Kuala Selangor, Malaysia, trainers from the established eRezeki Centre were randomly selected for an interview session. The result revealed that the eRezeki Program is effective, but only applicable to some B40 communities. The main challenges that affect the efficacy of the National eRezeki Program are digital readiness, ease of use, information risk management, private sector support, distinctive features and program sustainability. Additional and distinctive features, such as distributions of food coupons and movie tickets by vendors to the users who complete the applications through the eRezeki digital platform, have been found to make the platform attractive to the users. Pages 746 to 758




Zakat and Poverty: An Indonesian Experience

Rini Rinia, Fatimah Fatimahb, Ari Purwantic, a,b,cProgram Studi Akuntansi UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Email: arini@uinjkt.ac.id,  bFatimah.assegaf14@mhs.uinjkt.ac.id,  caripurwanti2501@gmail.com

This study investigates the effect of Zakat collection and distribution on poverty in Indonesia. The hypothesis in this study was tested using linear regression equations with samples obtained using the purposive sampling method. It is derived from the collection of Zakat and the distribution of Zakat in 34 provinces in Indonesia, obtained from BAZNAS data. Based on empirical testing with a separate model, this study proves that the collection of Zakat has a significant positive effect on the distribution of Zakat, and the distribution of Zakat has a significant positive effect on poverty alleviation. Although the results of this study are consistent with the theory, the distribution of Zakat in Indonesia is still used to meet consumptive needs. Whereas, in the future, the distribution of Zakat is expected to turn into productive Zakat. Pages 759 to 770




Anti-Corruption Disclosure and Firm Value: Can Female CEOs and CFOs Have Moderating Roles?

Desi Zulvinaa, Desi Adharianib, a,bDepartment of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Email: adesizulvina@gmail.com,  bdesi.adhariani@ui.ac.id

This research aims to empirically examine the effect of anti-corruption disclosures on firm value and investigate the role of female CEOs and CFOs as a moderating variable in strengthening that influence. The sample consists of 302 companies in five selected sectors (mining, building construction, transportation, communication, and manufacturing) listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange, which published annual reports for the period of 2016–2017. This research is a quantitative empirical research using a panel regression technique. The results show that the presence of women as President Directors (CEOs) has a positive effect on anti-corruption disclosures, while the presence of women as Financial Directors (CFOs) does not affect the corporate anti-corruption disclosure. The results also show that anti-corruption disclosure has a negative effect on firm value. Female CEOs and CFOs are found to be unable to strengthen the positive impact of anti-corruption disclosures on firm value. Corruption is a rampant problem in Indonesia, hence this research can provide valuable information to strengthen the market forces to demand more meaningful disclosures of anti-corruption efforts, as well as to strengthen the role of female executives in combatting corruption. Pages 771 to 794



Political Connections, Corporate Governance, and the Cost of Equity in Malaysia

Effiezal Aswadi Abdul Wahaba, Dian Agustiab*, Nurul Azlin Azmic, Iman Harymawand, Rosliza Ramlie, Nor Balkish Zakariaf, aCurtin University of Technology, Australia, b,dUniversitas Airlangga, Indonesia, c,fUniversiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, eUniversiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia, Email: b*dian.agustia@feb.unair.ac.id

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between political patronage and cost of equity, and whether corporate governance variables (board size, level of independent director, chief-executive-officer duality, institutional investors and auditor size) affect this relationship. Analyses are conducted on 2,223 firm-year observations listed on Bursa Malaysia from 1999 to 2009. We find a negative and significant relationship between political patronage and cost of equity suggesting that connected firms are less risky than non-connected firms. We find minimal evidence that corporate governance could minimise cost of equity. Our findings are robust when we test for other institutional settings and event in Malaysia. Pages 795 to 815

The Role of the Media in Raising Tax Awareness among Taxpayers

Qasem Kadem Hamed, aUniversity of  Baghdad , Faculty of Science, Email: aQassim.hamed2000@scbaghdad.edu.iq

This study aims to identify the role of the media of all kinds in increasing tax awareness among the community in general, and on those charged with paying the tax in particular, by identifying the media with the most impact on society through a group of questions on a random sample of the questionnaire community One of the most important conclusions reached through research is that the Internet has the greatest media influence in terms of impact, televisions come second and broadcasts are ranked third in their impact on taxpayers and that the administration Supreme (GCT) did not invest in media of all kinds for the purpose of increasing the tax awareness of the society. Among the most important recommendations were, working to enhance the role of the media by posting advertisements on the Internet, satellite channels, and radio stations that urge that taxes are a national duty for every taxpayer, working to publish and interpret laws and instructions for income tax through the media, and printing brochures and distributing them to taxpayers within departments Tax and its publication on the website of the Ministry of Finance and the General Authority for Taxes, clarifying the importance of taxes is one of the most important resources in supplying the country's budget and thus communicating an idea to those charged with the son of these taxes will spend a large part of it directly or indirectly on public services provided to citizens Nin, the General Authority for Taxes should invest all types of media to increase tax awareness for society. Pages 815 to 837

Motivation and Interest of Students to Learn in the Mathematics Education Department, Ikip Gunungsitoli

Amin Otoni Harefaa*, Ratna Natalia Mendrofab, Integrasi Anugerah Bateec, a,b,cGunungsitoli Teacher's Training College (IKIP), Indonesia, Email: a*aminotoniharefa@gmail.com

This research was conducted in IKIP, Gunungsitoli and used one group pre-test post-test design research method which involved a questionnaire of learning motivation, an interest in learning questionnaire, and a test of learning outcome. The average learning outcomes without distributing motivation and learning interest questionnaires obtained from the midterm exam score is 74.46 and the Standard deviation is 6.85. The average learning outcome through distributing motivation and learning interest questionnaires obtained from final exam value is 53.65 and the Standard deviation is 16.66.3. Based on the results of testing the hypothesis, it was determined that: F count 0.737 and F table 3.39. (F count <F table). Based on these results, it can be said that is accepted means that motivation and interest in learning do not significantly influence learning outcome, or, it can be said that learning outcomes have no relation with motivation and interest in learning. Pages 838 to 851
Cron Job Starts